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  • The Basics of Wetland Hydrology and Soils

Instructor: Matt Schweisberg

Description: Are you new to wetland identification and delineation? Are you looking for a refresher in wetland hydrology and soils? If so, this workshop is for you. A morning in the classroom will cover the science of wetland hydrology and wetland (hydric) soils; basic concepts and key terms; and field approaches. The afternoon will be spent in the field where participants will apply the science, concepts and approaches to 1) prepare basic soil profile descriptions, and 2) document the field indicators of wetland hydrology and hydric soils used to determine the occurrence and location of wetlands and their boundaries. Morning refreshments will be available. Please bring a bag lunch and available field equipment, such as soil color charts, an auger or spade; wear footwear appropriate for muddy conditions.

  • Hydric Soils:

    Co-sponsor: New England Wild Flower Society

Instructors: Amanda Atwell and Arthur Allen

Description: This course for environmental professionals serves as an introduction or refresher on hydric soils, with a focus on understanding the current field indicators of hydric soils in the United States (USDA-NRCS), the basis for USACE soil descriptions. During the morning classroom session, we will review basic soil descriptors including color, texture, and soil development, specifically hydric characteristics, and redoximorphic features. In the afternoon field session, we will learn to apply these indicators to soils. Bring available field equipment and a bag lunch; wear footwear appropriate for muddy conditions.

  • Hydric Soils: How to Know ‘Em When You See ‘Em:

Instructors: Gillian Davies and Art Allen

Description: Gillian Davies and Art Allen present a new, one-day workshop on hydric soils, which will be a great introductory class or refresher for consultants and regulators, including conservation commissioners and agents. A morning classroom session will be followed by an afternoon in the field getting your hands dirty and putting your new knowledge to work. Topics: soils of Massachusetts; geologic history and its influence on our soils; soil texture, color, describing soil profiles, and estimating depth to seasonal high water table. The afternoon field trip will involve working in teams to describe soil pits on a wetland – upland transect using MassDEP Methodology. Morning refreshments included. Bring a lunch and your own field equipment, if you have it, such as an auger, spade, and a Munsell color book, and dress for the woods and wetlands.

  • Limit 24 Participants


  • Winter Botany:

    Co-sponsor: New England Wild Flower Society

Instructor: William E. Kuriger, Ph.D., CWS, PWS, LSP, Botanist

Description: Winter Botany features a lecture on the taxonomic characteristics of evergreen and some herbaceous plants in winter. Instruction in the use of a dichotomous key is followed by identification of a large inventory of twig and plant specimens. A field trip in the Garden in the Woods follows lunch. Take-home specimens, a hand lens, and handout are included. Bring your lunch.

Required Text: Fruit Key & Twig Key to Trees & Shrubs, 1946 (Dover 1959), William M. Harlow, Ph.D., Dover Publications, New York, ISBN 0-486-20511-8.
This book is available through MACC Publications or Amazon.

  • Wetland Shrubs in Winter:

    New England Wild Flower Society

Instructor: Roland “Boot” Boutwell, teacher/naturalist

Description: Learn to identify wetland shrubs using branching patterns, bud and bark characteristics, habitat, persistent fruits, galls, and marcescent leaves. Garden in the Woods provides an excellent field site for study. We will begin with a short session indoors, then head into the Garden for a close look at almost twenty native New England shrubs that grow in and around wetlands. Bring a bag lunch and a hand lens if you have one, and dress for the weather.

  • Wetland Shrubs of Ponemah Bog:

Instructor: Roland “Boot” Boutwell, teacher/naturalist

Description: Ponemah Bog is the centerpiece of a of a 75 acre sanctuary in southern New Hampshire which is maintained by the NH Audubon Society. At the center of the property is a three acre kettle-hole pond, encircled by a floating mass of sphagnum moss. The pond and bog are easily accessible by a narrow boardwalk which includes three spur trails to three viewing platforms. The field trip will focus on the identification of wetland shrubs, though we will also look at a couple of wetland tree species as well as a few upland shrubs. Much of the walk is along a narrow boardwalk. Bring lunch, and a hand lens if you have one.

  • Wetland Shrubs:

    New England Wild Flower Society

Instructor: Roland “Boot” Boutwell, teacher/naturalist

Description:With its varied wetland habitats, including a pond, a stream, and a bog, Garden in the Woods is an excellent field site for examining shrubs that grow in and around wetlands. You will be introduced to 15-20 New England shrubs as well as a handful of shrubs that grow in higher and drier habitats. Please bring lunch, a hand lens, and a field guide to shrubs, if you have them.

  • Botanic Inventory Methods:

    New England Wild Flower Society

Instructor: Ted Elliman, botanist and author

Description: Learn botanical survey methods and spend a day inventorying the flora of conservation property. The evening session will cover the basics of field preparation using a variety of maps, field guides, aerial photography, GPS units, field supplies, and data sheets. We will then spend a full day in the field putting the methods into practice. Bring a bag lunch, compass, hand lens, and GPS unit if you have one.

  • Fern Identification and Ecology for Conservationists and Gardeners

Instructor: Randall Stone, Pioneer Valley Fern Society

Description: This introduction to ferns will be helpful and informative for anyone interested in learning how to identify ferns—be it for confirming wetland boundaries, incorporating native ferns in a naturalized landscape, or honing your “botanizing” skills. Come explore the woodland trails at the Fruitlands Museum in Harvard, MA and learn to identify the most common ferns of our area. An indoor classroom session will cover basic fern biology, identification techniques, and ecology; and the field session will provide simple and easy methods for positive field identification. We will also observe the changes in fern species composition along the hydrologic gradient, and review the status of designated species as wetland indicators. Please bring a hand lens if you have one, a water bottle, and you’re encouraged to dress defensively (for mosquitoes and ticks). Copies of Fern Finder by Barbara Hallowell will be available for workshop attendees to purchase for $5.30, which includes sales tax.

Wetland Delineation

  • Greg Hochmuth's and Michael Howard's Wetland Delineation for Beginners

Description: This workshop is designed for Conservation Commissioners new to wetland delineation methodology.

Participants will learn how to identify wetland resource areas using the DEP manual “Delineating Bordering Vegetated Wetlands under the MA Wetlands Protection Act”.

Commissioner will gain a better understanding of how to identify a wetland resource area based on vegetation, soils and indicators of hydrology.

  • DEP manual included
  • Attendees should bring a bag lunch
  • Coffee and refreshments will be served
  • Bring pencil/pen, tape measure and pocket calculator
  • Basic Wetland Delineation with John Rockwell

Description: Having delivered his "Basic Wetland Delineation Workshop" to hundreds of Conservation Commissioners and wetland aficionados in Marion, Massachusetts over the past several years, John Rockwell, Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program Wetland Specialist, will now split his one-day workshop into two full-day workshops.

Participants in both workshops will become more familiar with the state methodology of wetland delineation through practice sessions, case studies and a field session; they’ll be introduced to plant identification and be shown how to use the DEP manual Delineating Bordering Vegetated Wetlands under the Massachusetts Wetlands Protection Act.

Lunch and the DEP manual are included in each session.

  • Bring pencil/pen and calculator
  • Field work in afternoon
  • Limit 15 Participants

Presented in cooperation with the Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program.

  • Basic Wetland Delineation: Soils

Description: Focus is on hydric soils, indicators of wetland hydrology and understanding the DEP BVW Delineation Field Data form: Section II.

  • Indicators of Hydrology
  • Limit 15 Participants
  • Basic Wetland Delineation: Vegetation

Description: Focus is on wetland vegetation and understanding the DEP BVW Delineation Field Data Form: Section I. Vegetation.

  • Limit 15 Participants
  • Basic Wetland ID and Delineation:

    New England Wild Flower Society

Instructor: Alan Anacheka-Nasemann, Ecologist and Wetland Scientist

Description: This two-day course introduces the principal elements of wetland identification: wetland hydrology; hydric soils; and hydrophytic plants. We will identify plants in the field, place a delineation line, and utilize web resources. Recommended gear includes a field notebook, field guides, soil color charts, an auger, and rainwear. Bring a bag lunch. Some pre-class reading is required.

  • Advanced Wetland Delineation with John Rockwell

Description: These full – day workshops are designed for seasoned wetland delineators and will expand upon the information and techniques presented in John's two full–day Basic Delineation Workshops: Soils and Vegetation. Attendees will improve their understanding of the state delineation methodology and their ability to make those tough soils and vegetation determinations to practice sessions, case studies, and fieldwork.

Lunch and workshop materials are included in the fee.

  • Prerequisites: registrants must have previously attended both of John's full-day basic delineation workshops (soils and vegetation), provide proof of the prior delineation training (college level) or be a practicing wetland professional.
  • Bring pencil/pen and pocket calculator.
  • Optional: soils auger, "sharpshooter" (shovel with long, narrow snout) and Munsell Color Book.
  • Advanced Wetland Delineation: Soils

Description: Topics to be covered include: the DEP soil criteria of the seven most common hydric soil characteristics and also the "soils that are difficult to analyze". Soils included in this list are found in the New ACOE "Regional Supplement to the Corps of Engineers Wetland Delineation Manual: North central and Northeast Region (VERSION 2.0), as well as in the "Field Indicators for Identifying Hydric Soils in New England, Version 3". The day will primarily be spent in the field.

  • Advanced Wetland Delineation: Vegetation

Description: Topics to be covered include: the Dominance Test, Wetland Site Index, Relative Dominance by Layers method, and the Prevalence Index, all of which have been accepted at adjudicatory hearings. In the field participants will use a sample grid, basal area determinations and several other sampling methods that are more rigorous and more precise than the visual estimates in the DEP manual. Various vegetative tests will be used to see how the results differ when testing the same plot.

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